1882 - Medicine
1882 - Medicine -- The tuberculosis bacillus was discovered by Robert Koch who established that the disease was communicable. Koch's findings along with those of many other bacteriologists would lead physicians to believe that certain diseases such as beriberi were caused by bacteria rather than by dietary deficiencies.
Psychoanalysis was pioneered by Viennese physician Josef Breuer, 40, who discovered the value of hypnosis in treating a girl suffering from severe hysteria. Breuer induced the patient to relive certain scenes that occurred while she was nursing her sick father and he succeeded thereby in relieving her permanently of her hysteria symptoms, a success he would communicate to colleague Sigmund Freud.
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