This Day In History (July 31 & August 1)
On this day, July 31, 1964, Ranger 7 Takes Close-up Moon photos revealing craters only 3 feet wide. Ranger 7 radioed to earth the first close-up pictures, a historic collection of 4,000 pictures, one thousand times as clear as anything ever seen through earth-bound telescopes of the moon.
On Aug. 1, 1874, Charles Clinton Spaulding, the insurance man who built one of America's largest black-owned businesses, was born. Following his death on Aug. 1, 1952, his obituary appeared in The Times. Go to obituary
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- 1790 - The first U.S. census was completed, showing a population of nearly 4 million people.
- 1876 - Colorado was admitted to the union as the 38th state.
- 1914 - Germany declared war on Russia at the onset of World War I.
- 1936 - The Olympic games opened in Berlin with a ceremony presided over by Adolf Hitler.
- 1942 - Rock musician Jerry Garcia of the Grateful Dead was born in San Francisco.
- 1943 - Race-related rioting erupted in New York City's Harlem section, resulting in several deaths.
- 1944 - An uprising broke out in Warsaw, Poland, against Nazi occupation.
- 1966 - Charles Joseph Whitman shot and killed 14 people at the University of Texas before he was gunned down by police.
- 1981 - The music video cable channel MTV made its debut.
- 1988 - Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh began broadcasting his nationally syndicated radio program.
- 1995 - Westinghouse Electric Corp. struck a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion.
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