Snopes says I gave the wrong address but that holiday cards are INDEED WELCOME! Cards should be sent to: Holiday Mail for Heroes; PO Box 5456; Capitol Heights, Md 20791-5456.
All cards must be postmarked by Wednesday, December 10, 2008 and MUST BE SIGNED [more]... ~Roy Kendrick
regarding Okie's story
from Vol. 10 Iss. 46
Strickland/Horner Airport & Flying School.. [more]... ~Jim Bradley
regarding Okie's story
from Vol. 7 Iss. 52
Duchess of Weaselskin
Bayfield, Colorado - Sunday, February 19, 2012, brought about more snowy weather to the southwest corner of Colorado, but not like last weekend. Less snow accumulated through this Sunday and through the night into Monday, 20 February 2012. Maybe a little over two inches this weekend.
We hear it is/was a bit windy in northwest Oklahoma on this Monday, 20 February 2012, with some stormy afternoon weather. BUT . . . did it bring sufficient rain, moisture to the farmers and ranchers? How are the stock ponds? Empty? Dry?
We have been flooded with photos of our Highland County, Virginia ancestors cemetery markers and marriage certificate this week and we are adding them to our Warwick / Gwin Album (If I can get it upload!).
Bayfield, Colorado - Besides continuing to reading about the History of Highland County, Virginia, we have been hooked on watching PBS's Downton Abbey of life in England. BUT . . . back to Highland County, Virginia, we found an early issue of The OkieLegacy Ezine, Vol. 12, Iss. 49, 2010-12-06, which showed a Google satellite map of Highland County, Virginia we will again share with you this week. SEE BELOW.
We have also connected with some WARWICK and GWIN descendants from the Highland area and have added more Warwick / Gwin photos to our Warwick / Gwin Albums. Scroll down to see the cemetery markers for the Gwin and Eckard family cemetery. Gerald McLaughlin sent us some cemetery markers of Capt. David Gwin and Maj. Jacob Warwick of Virginia. Capt. David Gwin's marker is located in the Clover Creek Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Highland County, Virginia. This following link is information on Capt. David Gwin at findagrave.com showing the grave marker. My 4th great grandfather, Capt. David GWIN (1742-1822) was reported as being born in Orange, Virginia and dying in Clover Creek, Highland, Virginia. My Grandmother Constance Estella Warwick McGill researched for her DAR certificate in the mid-1920's using her family ties to Capt. David Gwin.
Maj. Jacob Warwick's marker is on the banks of the Jackson's River just west of Warm Springs. The Meadow Lane Cottages is on that property.
Clover Creek Chapel Clover Creek Chapel was the former chapel of McDowell Presbyterian Church, established in 1881 in Clover Creek, central Highland County, Virginia,four miles south of McDowell on Rt. 678 (Bullpasture River Road). The land for the chapel and cemetery behind it was donated by the McClung family since 1821. William McClung married Rachel Gwin and held title to the surrounding farm. The original owner of the land was probably Wallace Estill, who in 1743, obtained a 344-acre land patent in then Augusta County.
The cemetery predates the chapel by many years, originating as a family graveyard used by the farm owners. Among those buried there is Captain David Gwin (1742-1822). Gwin fought in the Virginia Militia at the Battle of Point Pleasant under General Thomas Lewis, prior to the Revolution. Gwin was captain with the Revolutionary forces, serving at Guilford Court House and Yorktown. He was twice married and had thirteen children. Gwin's grave is marked by a stone tablet erected by the South Branch Valley Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Capt. David Gwin was the grandparent of Samuel Gwin, whose daughter, Signora Belle Gwin, was my Great grandmother.
America - According to the New York Tribune, dated 20 February 1912, the front page headlines read: "Initiative And Referendum Stand (Oregon Tax Case At Issue), Look for Morse In Wall Street, Whitman Gets Brandt's Letters (Pinkerton man Testifies), Seek Committee For Haslett (Relatives File petition in Kings County Court as Gardner is held on more serious charge), Mayor Served In Suit (Mayor William J. Gaynor), Flower Hospital To Have $1,000,0000 Plant, Leland Gives Million To Metropolitan Museum, Bystanders Shot By Police, Identify Train Victim (Man killed at Larchmont Saturday was J. B. A. Lounsbery) and Bandit Robs Passengers."
As to the Bandit Robs Passengers and takes money and valuables from sleeping car occupants, the Tribune reported from Baltimore, Feb. 19, 1912 - "While the New York-St. Louis Express, westbound, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, was ascending the seventeen- mile grade between Piedmont and Altamont, W. Va., in the Allegheny Mountains, shortly before 10 o'clock tonight, a masked man, armed with two pistols, jumped on one of the sleeping cars and robbed the passengers of money and other valuables. He dropped off and escaped just before the train reached Altamont."
Ever heard of the actress (opera singer) Julia Marlowe? These headlines, "Miss Marlowe In Hospital," as actress, in Washington, faces operation on throat. The tribune reported, Washington, Feb. 19, 1912 -- "Julia Marlowe the actress (Mrs. E. H. Sothern), was taken to a hospital today for an operation upon her throat. It was said to be not a serious one."
View/Write Comments (count 0)
updates (0 subscribers) |
Highland County Virginia - Exploration Of...
Highland County, Virginia - Exploration beyond the mountains is where our next journey takes us in discovering the lands of our ancestry that settled in the Pastures and Valley of Virginia. This is our discovery of Highland County, Virginia where our Gwin, Hohl (Hull), Kincaid and Warwick settled after they they took the journey across the Atlantic Ocean for religious and economic persecution back in the "Old" country back home.
We will begin with Governor Alexander Spottswood of Virginia in 1716 deeming it important to learn the truth regarding this land beyond the Blue Ridge mountains that he supposed lead to only a few days march to the Great Lakes. Spottswood was not impelled by curiosity or far-sightedness, though. It was the land hunger which impelled the American step by step to the Pacific that was making itself felt. It was the pillaging of the Tidewater soil had begun to counsel a decisive exploration beyond the mountains.
Governor Spottswood left the capital with a mounted party of 50 companions following no road the greater part of the distance. It took him from August 20, until September 5, 1716 to cover a distance of 220 miles. The Spottswood party encountered many rattlesnakes while climbing the Blue Ridge mountains through Swift Run Gap. On the summit they found trees blazed by the Indians. Spottswood and his party descended to near where Elkton now stands as they reached a fine river which they named "Euphrates. They crossed to the left bank and held a banquet the next day, September 6, 1716. To chronicler the expedition it is careful to enumerate the considerable variety of wines and liquors which had been brought along. Each toast was followed with a volley from their firearms.
BUT . . . Governor Spottswood and the "gentlemen" of the party did not go any farther. Some rangers were left behind to prosecute the exploration. At the disbanding at Williamsburg, after an absence of eight weeks, the governor took steps to present each of his companions with a miniature horseshoe of gold containing the Latin motto, Sic juvat transcend ere montes Translated it is, So let it be a joy to pass over the mountains.
It was not the swilling of liquor or the presentation of badges that were the results of the expedition, though. They instead found a highly inviting region. On the mountains they crossed and on those they saw in the blue distance were noble forests. Between was a broad, grassy prairie with a more fertile, homelike soil than that of Tidewater. The wilderness was abound with game and fish, and there was no Indian village within a hundred miles. The land beyond the mountains was now officially and practically discovered and attractive reports of the same were soon circulating in Europe. In 1720 another county was formed and named Spottsylvania, in honor of the governor and took in the locality he visited.
The governor declared that his chief purpose was to assure himself that it was practicable to reach the Great Lakes. According to Indian reports they could be seen from the mountains in the distance. Surprising as it was Spottswood did not push on to those mountains to see for himself, instead he merely wrote in his official recommendation that settlements be established on the Lakes and communication secured by means of a chain of forts. In any cue, it was the passing through meadow of tall grass to look for another where the grass might be a bit taller. Spottswood was good even though it came to nothing. Other men were more practical than Spottswood.
The exploration of the great Valley of Virginia and the minor valleys beyond were tolerably rapid. By 1727 the Cowpasture Valley had been prospected, and a year or two earlier a Dutch trader by the a name of John Vanmeter has ascended the South branch as far as the vicinity of Franklin. Another Dutch explorer, John Vanderpool, discovered the gap which bears his name, and told of a beautiful valley beyond with impassable mountains in the distance. While hunters and rangers were prospecting this land of promise, a new wave of immigration was setting in, destined within a half century to supply the colonies with at least a fifth of their whole population.
In 1732, George Washington was born and the Scotch-Irsih and the Germans had only begun to float across the Atlantic. six hundred thousand people already were in the lowlands of Virginia and had nowhere penetrated the Alleghany watershed.
Some of the Scotch-Irish arrived at Charleston and went direct to the Carolina uplands. The greater share of the immigrants of both nationalities came to Philadelphia, because of the reputation of the Pennsylvania colony for its civil and religious liberty. The district along the Delaware River and westward toward the mouth of the Susquehanna was quite well occupied by a substantial class of English Quakers. The people already here looked with distrust on the stance appearing immigrants from Ireland and Germany. These newcomers that were not bound to servitude had therefore pushed inland through the zone of settlement.
The earlier colonists did not receive the new immigrants with wide open arms, they liked the Scotch-Irish the less of the two because of their assertive manner. Restrictive laws were accordingly passed. The Germans were required to adopt English names, which appears to explain the s=wholly English form of the surnames of not a few of the German pioneers.
Many of the newcomers made only a short stay i Pennsylvania. They moved to the southwest, because in this direction lay the door of wider opportunity. The Germans, lovers of peace and on the whole the less aggressive of the two races, remained in Pennsylvania and occupied the inland districts as far as the western rim of the Cumberland Valley. The overflow pushed through that valley into the adjacent section of Maryland, across the Potomac into the valleys of the Shenandoah and the South Branch (then known as the Wappacomac).
The Germans occupied the west side of the Shenandoah Valley as far southward as the vicinity of Harrisonburg. In the valley of the south Branch, the attempt of Lord Fairfax to make his extensive grant a feudal barony of the English pattern caused many of the immigration to push above Fairfax boundary, which lay in the vicinity of Moorefield and Petersburg.
The Scotch-Irish we find were more numerous and more venturesome and their area of their distribution was much wider. They occupied the western section of Pennsylvania, and filled the Valley of Virginia southward of the German district. They also filled the Valley of East Tennessee, but they took possession of the uplands of both the Carolinas. They became a frontier community, which extended from the vicinity of the Great Lakes southward into Georgia. Their development of this frontier was quite rapid and greatly hastened the westward advance of the American people.
The Scotch-Irish pathfinders were particularly fixed on that section of the Valley of Virginia which lies southward of Massanutton Mountain. They occupied this region in force. Their earlier selections were not int he smooth, open plain between the mountains. Why was it they should appear to scorn fettle lands that needed no clearing? Their motive was substantially the same as that which led the earlier settlers beyond the Missouri to shun the open prairie and ling to the creek bank, where drinking water had only be be dipped out of a spring and where timber was at hand for shelter and fuel. The limestone plain in the valley was deficient in surface water. The Scotch-Irishman did not shirk at the trouble of felling trees, but he had no mind to dig a deep well if he could help it.
In 1727, a year before the first permanent settlement in Rockingham, and five years before there was anybody at or near where the city of Staunton grew up, we find an attempt to colonize the Cowpasture Valley. It was in that same year that Robert and William Lewis, Willaiam Lynn, Robert Brooke, and Beverley Robinson petitioned the Gvoernor and Council to with the following:
"Your Petitioners have been at great trouble and charges in making discoveries of lands among the mountains, and are desirous of taking up some of those lands they have discovered; wherefore your petitioners humbly gray your Honours to grant him an order to take up fifty thousand acres, in one or more tracts, on the head branches of James River to the West and Northwestward of the Cow Pasture, on seating thereon one Family for every thousand acres, and as the said lands are very remote and lying among the great North Mountains, being about two hundred miles at least from any landing -- Your petitioners humbly pray Your Honours will grant them six year' time to seat the same."
This is where we find in the very same year when the first actual settler came to the Shenandoah Valley, there was an earnest effort to colonize the Highland area. This was only 120 years after the landing at Jamestown, when the entire population of the Colonies did not equal the present number of people int he city of Baltimore. BUT . . . was the above petition sever granted? It is doubtful, but in 1743 there was an order of council in favor of Henry Robinson, James Wood and Thomas and Andrew Lewis, for 30,000 acres in the same region.
There were considerable number of Scotch-Irish in the upper Shenandoah Valley by this time and even southward. In 1738, the region west of the Blue Ridge had been set off into the counties of Augusta and Frederick, with the line between the two crossing the Shenandoah Valley in the vicinity of Woodstock. The county machinery of Augusta was not set in motion until the close of 1745. It was during this interval that Augusta remained attached to the parent county of Orange.
We find that the Augusta colony was the starting point of the Scotch-Irish settlement of upper Virginia. The dispersion from this center was governed by the position of the gaps in the mountains. Pioneer travel never climbed a steep rocky ridge when it was possible to find a grade line along a crooked watercourse.The settlers did not go over the rugged Shenandoah Mountain as they moved westward into Bath and Highland, but they flanked it by way of Panther Gap, 30 miles southwest of Staunton.
Highland was settled by the Scotch-Irish land seekers coming through Panther Gap and along the upper James, moving up the valleys of the Cowpasture and Jackson's River, until they reached the laurel thickets along the cross rigs separating the waters of the james from those of the Potomac. The German land seekers cam from the opposite direction as they crept up the three valleys of the South branch waters until they had come to the divide. Likes attracted likes in the settlement of a new region. Pioneers of the same class preferred to be together.The Scothc-Irish and the German settlers were not like oil and water, but in communities of either the other was in some degree represented.
In the pioneer days of Highland we find these two defined areas of settlement. The Scotch-Irish filling the vie valleys which opened southward and the Germans occupying Straight Creek and the Crabbottom. A few of them made homes south of the divide, with a larger number of the Scotch-Irish settling north of it. When Pendleton county was established in 1787, its southern line folioed this water-parting. It was not only a natural geographic boundary, but it was also a boundary between tow provinces of settlement. Pendleton was predominantly German. Bath would soon be sticker off and was distinctly Scotch-Irish.
In the valleys of the Cowpasture, the Bullpasture, Jackson's River, and Back Creek, the family names were mainly Scotch-Irish. In the Crabbottom and in Straight Creek, family lineage was mainly German but thoroughly Americanized. There had been much blending of the two. Some families not German innate had become almost German in blood, while the present generation of the German immigrant cannot point back to an unmixed German ancestry. Northeast of Highland the divide passes very near the county boundary. Crossing into Pendleton one finds a large number of the people using a broken down German idiom. South of the divide it is an unknown speech never having much foothold.
Besides families coming from the east of Virginia, some even came from the distant New England. We find that Welsh, French and Celtic and saxon irish scattered freely though out all the colonies, without seeking to found distinct settlements of their own. The venturesome Hollanders of the New York colony were not quite unrepresented. The actual beginnings of settlements in the counties of Highland and Bath show the latter county lying directly against the gateways to the Valley of Virginia. The settlement of BAth was a bit earlier than that of Highland. The Cowpasture valley was first reached and first settled, while the valley of Back Creek came last, just as we might suppose. The German influx did not reach the divide as soon as the Scotch-Irish. There were people at the head of the Bullpasture 15 years before there appears to have been any in Crabbottom.
The Calf Pasture Valley lies eastward across the mouth of panther Gap, and it was supposed that settlement would be a little earlier than in the valleys beyond. It was on Arpil 2, 1745, when deeds for 2,247 acres were given by James Patton and John Lewis to William Campbell, Jacob Clemens, Samuel Hodge, Robert Gay, Thomas Gillam and William Jamison.
August 17, 1745, other deeds for 5,205 acres were given by the same men to Francis DONALLY, Robert GWIN, Robert BRATTON, John DUNLAP, Loftus PULLIN, John WILSON, John KINCAID, John MILLER, Robert GAY and James CARTER. Almost all these names occur shortly afterward in Bath or Highland, though purchaser himself or a son. Of those names I see many that connect to my paternal ancestry. Such as GWIN, BRATTON, DUNLAP, KINCAID and GAY. [Click the following link for more information on my pioneer ancestry at Paris Pioneers Genealogy. Is there anyone out there researching their ancestry roots of Highland county, Virginia that have you ever come across any of the miniature, inscribed, "gold horseshoes that Governor Spottswood handed out to his travel companions that we mentioned earlier in this article?
On the South Fork in Pendleton we have knowledge that number of German families, to whom deeds were given on one and the same day, had been living on their lands ten years and in recognized occupancy, yet the lands had already passed into private ownership.There was no record any permit for those persons to settle, though. The authorization would seem to have been verbal and for a definite term of years. The country beyond the Shenandoah ridge and above the confluence of the Cowpasture with Jackson's River, we find that in 1744 a survey of 176 acres a was granted to one William Moor on the last named stream and in what is now Alleghany county. The following year ten other persons took surveys on the Cowpasture below Williamsville.
In 1746, nineteen more surveys were recorded for the lower Cowpasture, thirteen for Jackson's River, and five for Back Creek. All these appear to be below the Highland line. How long these people had been here, we do not know with any certainty. John Lewis was directed by the Orange court, May 23, 1745, to take the list of tithables for the district between the Blue Ridge and the North (Shenandoah) Mountains, "Including the Cow and Calf Pastures and the settlers back of the same." It is not conclusive that any settlers had actually gone beyond the Cowpasture. The order was worded so as to include all settlers, however far to the west they might be found. Aside front he report of the county surveyor, there seems to be no evidence that people had located west of Shenandoah Mountain prior to the coming of Moor in 1744, or perhaps 1743.
The order of council in favor of the LEWIS and their associates was granted in 1743. Adam DICKENSON's Fort stood four miles below Millboro and appears to have been the leader of the settlers on the lower Cowpasture. Dickenson was a large landholder and on the organization of Augusta in 1745 he became one of its first justices.
Colonel John Lewis,of Scottich-Welsh descent, came from Ireland and lived two miles east of Staunton. He died in 1762 at the gage of 84. All Lewis sons were prominent in the early history of Augusta.
Colonel James Patton was the rich manor the Augusta settlement and said to have made 25 voyages across the Atlantic, bringing immigrants every time. He was also county lieutenant and fell in battle in 1755.
Gabriel JAMES was a Welshman and first resident lawyer, being appointed prosecuting attorney when only 22 years old. He lived near Port Republic but owned land in Bath. He was brother-in-law to Thomas Lewis, and both these men were members of the state convention that considered the Federal Constitution and they voted in favor of its adoption.
Virginia - I found these surveys of Bath County, Virginia that date from 1744 through 1746. Starting with 1744 on the Jackson's River, with William Moore, and his 176 acres. We continue to the Cowpasture, Jackson's River and Back Creek from 1745 through 1746.
1745 - Cowpasture
Cartmill, James - 300 P. 1760
Coffey, Hugh - 220 - P. 1750
Dickinson, Adam - 1080 - P. 1750
Donally, John - 277 - P. 1750
Hughart, James - 590 - P. 1750
Laverty, Ralph - 300 - P. 1750
McCoy, James - 250
Milroy, Alexander - 300 - P. 1750
Stuart, James - 300 - P. 1750
Waddell, James - 224 - P. 1750 by Ralph Laverty
1746 - Cow Pasture
Abercrombie, Robert - 425
Clendenin, ARchibald - 195 and 130
Crockett, Robert - 246 P. 1750
Dougharty, William - 320 - P. 1750
Gillespie, William - 320 - P. 1760
Hall, James - 212 - P. 1760
Jackson, James - 340 P. 1750
Knox, James - 93
Lewis, George - 430 - P. 1752
Lewis, William - 390 - P. 1750
Lewis, John - 950 - P. 1750 by Charles Lewis
Mayse, James - 415 (P. 1759) and 182 (P. 1761)
McCreary, John - 520 - P. 1750
Muldrough, Andrew - 130 - P. 1761
Rainey, Michael - 216
Scott, James - 300
Simpson, James - 300
Walker, John - 340
Wilson, Joseph - 200
1746 - Jackson's River
Carpenter, Joseph - 782 - P. 1750
Crockett, Samuel - 283 - P. 1750
Dickenson, Adam - 870 - P. 1750
Dunlap, Arthur - 254
Ewing, James - 254
Jackson, William - 1100 - P. 1750
Jamison, William - 280 - P. 1760
Lewis, John - 340
Lewis, Thomas -489 s - P. 1764 by Robert Bratton and Robert Laverty
Fort Dinwiddie, Virginia - Gerald McLaughlin sent us these images of the Fort Dinwiddie historical sign. Fort Dinwiddie is located up the dirt road from this sign about one-half mile. Fort Dinwiddie was known also as Byrd's Fort and Warwick's Fort. It was probably built in 1755. It was also known for it's visit in 1755 by George Washington.
Starting in 1727 Beverley Robinson, Robert Brooks, William Lynn, Robert and William Lewis petition for 50,000 acres west of James River. No action taken.
In 1732 John Lewis (born in donegal, Ireland, 1678; married margaret Lynn, 1715) settled in Staunton. Their children: Samuel, Thomas (4/27/1718), Andrew (10/9/1720), William (11/17/1724), Margaret (1726), Anne (1728), Charles (3/11/1736, only one born in America).
In 1743 there was an "Order of Council," 10/24/1743, 30,000 acres above mouth of Cowpasture Thomas & Andrew Lewis, James & Henry Robinson, James Wood.
In 1745, 9/26/1745, Thomas and Andrew do first Bath County (then Augusta county) survey (above nimrod Hall) for Adam Dickenson.
In April, 1746, Thomas & Andrew Lewis survey tract for William Jackson, only man living on Jackson's River. His children were Jane and William.
In 1750, William Warwick comes from Tidewater (Jacob is his son) acquires 50 acres on Jackson's River. 1 June 1750 William Jackson dies. The ownership is unclear.Thomas & Andrew Lewis survey Jackson's land.
In 1755, Construction of Fort Dinwiddie (also called: Warwick's Ft., Hogg's Ft., Byrd's Ft.) around William Warwick's house. Captain Hogg is in charge; on 9 July 1755 there is Braddock's defeat at DuQuesne; on 25 july 1755 Washington visits Fort Dinwiddie; and December 1755 Washington orders Lewis to take command, but orders unclear; Hogg resists.
In 1756 of February, Hogg leaves Dinwiddie to join Lewis; 18-28 February 1756 is the Sandy Creek Voyage; 27 July 1756, There was a decision made to garrison 60 men at Fort Dinwiddie. It was increased to 100 after the September, 1756 raid. On 18 October 1756, it was Washington's second visit to Fort Dinwiddie, with Thomas Bullitt in command.
On This Date:
1757 - Byrd Massacre
1758 - 25 Nov 1758, Washington takes DuQuesne
1759 - 10 Oct 1759, Keer's Creek raid by Cornstalk
1763 - End French and Indian War
1774 - Battle of Point Pleasant
1776 - John Lewis in command of Fort Dinswiddie.
1778 - Jacob Warwick signs petition for creation of Bath County, along with Robert Hall and Charles Cameron.
1780 - Part of stockade burned with Capt. McKitrick in command.
1783 - Last Indian raid
1784 - Robert Hall acquires jackson's 1100 acres
1788 - Robert Hall sells tract to Jacob Warwick for 1500 P. Jacob Warwick is "road overseer" from Warm Springs to Cowpasture River.
1789 - Fort Dinwiddie abandoned
1791 - Bath County created 14 Dec 1790
1792 - On 3 May, Charles Cameron marries Rachael C. Warwick
1795 - Jacob Warwick sells 261 acres to Cameron who names it Fassifern after ancestral Scottish home.
1800 - Jacob Warwick leaves for Pocahontas County
1809 - Andrew S. Warwick acquires Jackson's tract
1810 - Andrew S. Warwick builds Dinwiddie mansion
1826 - Jacob Warwick dies and is buried near Fort
1828 - Andrew S. Warwick dies
1829 - Charles Cameron dies and is buried near Fort.
After Andrew Warwick's death, his widow, martha Dickenson, married James Ervin. While the property had been left to Warwick's children, legal battles broke out. James Ervin controlled the property until 1873 when he sold out to his son-in-law, William McAllister. At that time it was known as Walnut Grove, the Ervin Place, and subsequently, the McAllister Farm. In 1913, S. M. K. Fulton bought the property, naming it Fort Dinwiddie Farm. Hazel Sterrett owned controlling interest after 1931, and Allan M. Hirsh completed purchase on 6 December 1945.
Highland County, Virginia - As we continue reading Oren Frederic Morton's book, A History of Highland County, Virginia, Chapter 7, page 66, we learn about the early Bullpasture pioneers, later comers, Cowpasture pioneers, Jackson's River and South branch pioneers. It was not the practice for a pioneer to isolate themselves and that is one of the reasons we find the settlement of the "Valley of Virginia."
In the early days of April 1746 we find Augusta county was known as "Beverly's Mill Place." The surveyor laid off several tracts within Highland area of Virginia and came back in July and September. The surveyor laid off 21 tracts on the Bullpasture and Cowpasture, but mostly on the Bullpasture.
The surveyor ran lines for 14 persons and reserved a tract for Andrew Lewis, his brother, and three more for the syndicate of which the two brothers were members. All theses surveys had come under the order of council of 1743. Andrew Lewis tract of 348-acre was patented by himself four years later. The farm of W. P. B. Lockridge was a portion of it back when Oren F. Morton compiled this history of Highland county, Virginia.
The Bullpasture Settlers:
Alexander Black - just above the mouth of the Bullpasture, where Major J. H. Byrd lived. Alexander died in 1764 and his son William sold to Thomas Houston and went to Greenbrier. Alexander Jr. moved to Kentucky about 1797. Samuel Black was another son and had a numerous family, taking land in 1774 close to where the county seat now is.
John & Robert Carlile - Carliles were in the broad bottom just below. The Carliles lived, died on their homestead, which remained in the family many years later.
Wallace Ashton - Ashton was on the McClung farm at Clover Creek. Carliles held two tracts near by on the run named for them. One of these tracts cornered on McCreary. Wallace AShton disappears from sight almost at once, and is followed by Wallace Estill, who inherited the farm and lived on it about 20 years. he sold to John Peebles and removed to Botetourt. Estill came from New Jersey with a family partially grown, and reared a second large family in Highland. He owned land at Vanderpool and was a man of ability and influence.
Loftus Pullin - was a mile above in another wide sweep of bottom. Pullin was a single man when he came, lived and died on his homestead. His wife was Ann Jane Usher. There is a romance story for the Usher family. It goes something like the following:
"One Edward Usher eloped with the daughter of an English Nobleman named Perry and came to America. Their four children were daughters, one dying in infancy. Usher died while they were yet small, and the widow went to England, hoping for a reconciliation with her father. He recognized her on the road as he drove by in his carriage, but being still angry he tossed her a shilling, telling her that was all she would have from him and that she must mind her brats herself. She returned to America, her children, if not also herself, finding their way to the Augusta colony, probably to Fort Dickenson. James Knox become the guardian of Ann Jane, and with a portion, at least, of her inheritance he purchased for her a negro girl. Several years later she married Loftus Pullin. One sister married William Steuart, another Highland pioneer, the third (Martha?) marrying a son of Captain Adam Dickenson. The stern Nobleman parent finally relented and provided for his daughter by Will, but the search he instituted failed to discover her, and no knowledge thereof coming to her descendants for many years, the matter went by default."
Richard Bodkin - was higher up, lying where the present river road comes back to the bottom after its circuit over a bluff. Bodkin arrived with sons nearly grown. In 162 either he or Richard, Jr., sold the homestead and went higher up the valley. During the next 40 years the connection largely drifted out.
James Miller - Miller was between Bodkin and Harper. Miller appears to have come with sons nearly grown and bearing the names of John, William and Hugh. They appear in the Augusta records, but the family did not seem to have remained very long.
Matthew Harper - Harper was where W. T. Alexander lives. harper sold to Hugh Martin in 1764 and went to Christian's Creek near Staunton. It was in 1750 that Hans Harper purchased land adjoining Matthew Harper, but 6 years later moved north of Doe Hill, where in 1765 he again sold out and disappears from view. It was between 1754 and 1760 that Michael Harper was living on Carlile Run, but died on the South Branch in 1767. He had a son Michael in his latter years. Hans and Matthew were brothers, but there is no evidence that the Pendleton Harpers were derived from these Harper brothers on the Bullpasture. Matthew was a constable.
William Warwick - Warwick was at the mouth of Davis Run. Warwick was one of those settlers in Bath. Warwick was an enterprising pioneer and was not slow to seize an additional choice tract, even if it lay at some distance from his home.
James Largent - Largent appears to have been in the vicinity of McDowell.
William Holman - Holman adjoined McCreary, who was between McDowell and Doe Hill, as was Delamontony. Largent gave his name to a hill below Clover Creek.
John McCreary - McCreary sold to Bodkin in 1763, but a son of the same name appears to have wedded Margaret Black in 1786.
Archibald Elliott - Elliot was at the very head of the river, one of his corners being on the Blackthorn. Except as a member of the militia in 1760, Elliott seems to have been only a bird of passage.
Robert Armstrong - Armstrong was in this vicinity. Robert Armstrong also lived on Jackson's River below Warm Spring.
It was not affirmed that every on of the settlers was living on the tract he selected. Especially with respect to the surveys near the head of the river. The settlement received many accessions during the next 15 years, even in spite of the Indian peril during the latter half of that period.
We find that Thomas and Hugh Hicklin lived below the Carliles in 1756. Robert Graham settled a little below the Carliles and was here by 1755, although he did not buy out the Wilson patent until 1761. We also find that Samuel Given purchased the Bodkin homestead in 1762.
In 1754 Hackland Wilson at the head of the river, and William Price at "a big spring." Charles Gillam was a landholder in this section, but sold to James Bodkin and he to Robert Carlile. James Trimble was a deputy surveyor and land speculator, having three tracts on this river. George Wilson had several, one of which he sold in 1759 to William Steuart, and three years later another to James Clemens.
Steuart was a young Scotchman, having a thrilling experience in reaching the Highland mountains. Steuart was well educated, expected to follow a profession. The ship on which he took passage was captured by Spanish pirates, and the crew was killed. Steuart was the only passenger and was put on the South Atlantic shore with no clothing save a piece of canvas and without his chest full of books. He drifted northward to the Augusta colony, doing at first manual labor. Steuart's soft hands and intellectual air brought him a welcome invitation to teach school. He followed this calling the rest of his life, but downcast at the loss of his beloved library, he was content to spend his days in the frontier wilderness. Steuart settled just blow the mouth of Shaw's Fork., and married Margaret Usher to become the brother-in-law to Loftus Pullin.
On Shaw's Fork we find John Shaw in 1756. He had a son, James, which bought land of George Wilson in 1759. It is thought that the Shaw cabin stood on the hillside opposite and below Headwaters. He was a pioneer of this neighborhood. The Shaws gave their name to the stream and to a mountain. In 1766 Thomas Devericks became their neighbor across the run.
As we proceed down the Cowpasture, we find James Anglen in 1751, living at the mouth of the tributary which bore his name for awhile, but afterward became known as Benson's Run. There is no record that Anglen had title to land. Sarah, Anglen's daughter, married William Knox in 1794.
We mentioned Ann Jane Usher earlier, finding her guardian, James Knox, was a neighbor to Black, living on the Floyd Kincaid farm. Knox died in 1772 and the farm passed to Patrick Miller, remaining with the Millers a long while. It is thought that James Knox, Jr. was jilted by Anne Montgomery, and that his hunting trip to Kentucky in 1769 was in consequence of this. As leader of a military force he built Fort Knox, which grew into the city of Knoxville, Tennessee. he was also a soldier of the Revolution, a member for 5 years of the Legislature of kentucky, and in that state was known as General Knox. James Knox, Jr. finally won the woman of his choice and married the wide of General William Logan, living until 1822.
We come to Jackson's River at the mouth of Bolar Run where the earliest settlers of whom were William and Stephen Wilson in 1753, and David Moore in 1759. William Wilson was married in Dublin, Ireland, and lived a long time on Brandywine Creek, Pennsylvania. In 1747, he came to New Providence Church in Augusta, and then onto Jackson's River. The late William L. Wilson, of West Virginia and Washington and Lee universities, was a conspicuous member of Congress. Rev. William Wilson united several Highland couples.
Tennessee - We found this article in The Nashville Daily Union, dated Thursday, 4 December 1862 on the front page, that speaks "To the Young Men of East Tennessee" and their patriotic duty to join the Federal Union Army to fight in the Civil War. Was your ancestor one of these East Tennessee Young men?
Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 2, 1862 - "The reasons that prompt me to address you, will appear in the reading of this card. Our section of the State has assumed a position in the progress of the present civil war that makes it the pride and boast of true patriots everywhere; and especially do the loyal of our own native mountains feel proud that they were born and raised, and can of right, claim to be citizens of patriotic, Union-loving East Tennessee.
"The most momentous issue ever presented to the world, save one, is now before the American people! They are acting upon it in the course of this terrible civil struggle! Section is arrayed against section; in many instances households are divided! The nature of the stubble is such that no one can be indifferent. All have a preference. The choice made by the great body of the people of our part of the State was a wise one. They chose to adhere to the Government given them by the Divine guidance of their fathers. For their devotion to this Government, they have been forced to submit to wrongs and outrages, the extent of which may be imagined, but neither tongue, pen nor pencil can portray. Once they roamed as free as the God of Liberty created them! But now they are attempted to be made slaves by a military despotism, to a little circumscribed, joint-snake, cotton Confederacy, presided over by the evil genius of Jeff. Davis, the chief of modern thieves!
"The treatment our people have received at the hands of this counterfeit Government need not be dwelt upon. You have experienced something of its cruelties. The world knows its excessive wickedness, and thousands have treasured up its wrongs. Heaven has scarce reserved in store a shaft of punishment sufficient to avenge the wrongs inflicted upon our people. All this being fact, and not fancy, it is but just to suppose that, after this state of things shall have passed away, and the military power of the great Southern mob that now rules over our friends with bloody hands, shall be crushed and destroyed, as it certainly will, the people, with one accord, will hold us all responsible for the part we took in accomplishing this most desirable result, the consequence of which was their emancipation from the most infernal bondage ever known since civilization first dawned!
"It is our duty; it is the duty of every East Tennesseean, to contribute all his energies to the redemption of his home, and friends there. If he is a young man, able-bodied, he should not hesitate a moment, but join the army at once. Especially should he enter the service, when he has been driven from home by that infernal despotism that has usurped authority in the South!
"Young man: you who have fled through the defiles of the mountains, and stole your way over craggy bluffs, to avoid the hellish grasp of usurpers and tyrants, it is your duty to join the Federal army! If you would be respected hereafter, hasten to enroll (sic) your name, and buckle on the armor of the patriot soldier! What! A Refugee? Driven from home! Exiled! And not willing to help fight your way back? Think of it! And for your own and your country's sake, enter the army without further delay. If you are young, and able to stand the service, it is certainly your first duty, and future generations will tell you so! don't come into the Federal lines, and keep up an eternal cry about forward moves, unless you first take upon yourselves the duty and obligation of soldiers! There are a great number of young men, from different portions of the South, now in the Federal lines, idling away their time, meditating, I presume, when they will return home and boast how We crushed the rebellion!
"Now, gentle reader, I have not written a single word to offend any one, and God forbid that I should! I desire, after this war shall have ended, that every man who has remained loyal to the Union may receive the homage due a patriot, and particularly do I desire the loyal men of East Tennessee to be honored and respected. And young men who are driven from all that is dear to them in life, and fail to aid in rescuing that precious lost can only hope for the opprobrium of the upright and frowns of the thinking portion of their patriotic fellow citizens.
"I have assumed to address you, young men, upon this important subject, because I feel that I am on of yu! I belong to that class who have just entered upon the voyage of manhood, and it is my purpose to stimulate those who are to be my companions in life to such a course of at ion as will reflect hour upon themselves and posterity. Very Respectfully, Your True Friend, L. C. Houk, Co. 3d Reg't E. Tenn. Vols. USA"
View/Write Comments (count 0)
updates (0 subscribers) |