Filled up for $1.86 in OKC Thanksgiving Evening. ~Bev
regarding Okie's story
from Vol. 7 Iss. 47
Jan, you mean the "graupel" (frozen snow). I didn't know it existed either until I lived here in southwest Colorado. ~NW Okie
regarding Okie's story
from Vol. 8 Iss. 37
Duchess & Sadie's Domain
Bayfield, Colorado - When NW Okie woke me up this Monday morning to let me outside, boy howdy . . . did my little pug paws get a shock when I hit the ground. "Shock?" you ask? What shock could that be? Brrrrrr . . . . At 8am this morning and 32F, in southwest Colorado, my Pug paws stepped off the porch into about an inch of wet snow.
We heard from Mary Hamilton, whose family settled around Pine Valley, Oklahoma, in LeFlore county. It was Mary's grandfather that was the mill superintendent and her uncles and mother grew up at Pine Valley. Mary had copied a piece we ran back in 2002 of our OkieLegacy that Frank Powell had written up regarding Pine Valley, Oklahoma and outlined life around there.
We did find that missing article of 2002 concerning Pine Valley, OK. Over the years it was moved from our okielegacy.net website to our okielegacy.us site -(Pine Valley, OK - for those also interesting in the "Pine Valley, OK."
Have you been keeping track of James Thurber readings by Keith Olbermann? This week he read Thurber's "University Days."
I have a question for Oklahoma Voters out there! I am only a Pug, so bear with me while this pugster tries to figure out a few things that sociologists are still trying to figure out. Can anyone explain this "Okie Syndrome" of why Oklahomans vote against their own economic interest -- from public school teachers to the state's have-nots.
America - On April 25, 1945, the United Nations Conference on International Organization began in San Francisco.
"At a moment when the American and Russian armies were on the point of meeting below Berlin, forty-six of the forty-seven nations of the grand alliance will attempt to form an international organization designed to help maintain peace and security. It is the second time in this century that the attempt has been made. . . . ."
On April 25, 1908, Edward R. Murrow, the influential American radio and television broadcaster during the industry's early years, was born. Following his death on April 27, 1965, his obituary appeared in The Times.
On This Date, April 25:
1792 - Highwayman Nicolas Jacques Pelletier became the first person under French law to be executed by guillotine.
1859 - Ground was broken for the Suez Canal.
1874 - Radio pioneer Guglielmo Marconi was born in Bologna, Italy.
1898 - The United States declared war on Spain.
1901 - New York became the first state to require automobile license plates.
1915 - Allied soldiers invaded the Gallipoli Peninsula in an unsuccessful attempt to take the Ottoman Turkish Empire out of World War I.
1945 - U.S. and Soviet forces linked up on the Elbe River, in central Europe, a meeting that dramatized the collapse of Nazi Germany.
1945 - Delegates from some 50 countries met in San Francisco to organize the United Nations.
Bayfield, Colorado - [The photo on the left is a picture of my father, Gene McGill, on the left, and my Uncle Bob seated on the paint pony on the right. It was taken somewhere in Alva, Woods county, Oklahoma at a dirt tennis court. Do the houses in the background look familiar to any Woods county residents out there? I believe it to be taken in the early 1920's.]
I was sitting here trying to decide which paternal or maternal lineage to bring you this week. I decided to bring you the LUTTRELL / CRAIGHEAD paternal side of my family lineage where I have a bunch of roadblocks that has me scratching my head and wondering more about this limb of our family tree.
Edward LUTTRELL is one of many deadends, which I have little information, dates, etc. I know that he married a Nancy CRAIGHEAD in the late eighteenth century and had a daughter named Anne Nancy LUTTRELL, who was born circa 1787.
I would really like to know more about the LUTTRELL/CRAIGHAD side of the family. Doing a search online at Ancestry.com I have seen a Nancy CRAIGHEAD married to a DUNLAP, but not to a MCGILL.
The MCGILL/LUTTRELL/CRAIGHEAD Family Lineage:
* Edward LUTTRELL is our 4th great grandfather, married Nancy CRAIGHEAD in the late eighteenth century;
Pittsylvania County, Virginia - Bill Barker commented in last week's OkieLegacy eZine, Feature #6006 -- "Four of my ancestors were in the Pittsylvania Militia Company under the command of Capt. Joseph Martin (Later Gen. Joseph Martin agent to the Cherokees for the United States and Virginia during the Revolution).
Back in August, 2002, we received some information concerning Pine Valley, Oklahoma from Frank Powell. Recently a lady had lost the link to that information and emailed us to get a copy of the information. We found out that we had moved that information from our okielegacy.net site over to our okielegacy.us. Below is a copy of that information.
1927-33 - As Remembered by Francis L. (Frank) Powell, written by Frank in August, 2002.
"In the fall of 1927, I was just six years old when my family moved from Mountain Pine, Arkansas, to a new lumber town, Pine Valley, Oklahoma, owned (literally) by Dierks Lumber Company. I rode on the top of our furniture on the back of a truck with my dad while my mother and younger brother rode in the cab. I remember that enroute my mother thought she saw a bear crossing the road some distance ahead, but we never knew for sure. The country was certainly wild enough for bear.
"My father, William C. (Cess) Powell began work at the lumber mill there having worked at a Dierks mill at Wright City, OK. where I was born in 1921. He had worked briefly at Mountain Pine, AR, the summer of 1927 Helping build a new lumber mill there. Our first house was a "portable" 3-room at the back side of town. These "portables" could be separated in halves and moved on railroad flatcars. Pretty primitive. Water was from an outside hydrant that served several houses. Other facilities were separate little one-holers.
"We didn't live here but a few weeks then moved into a more permanent "shotgun" three-room. In a period of two or three years we lived in three different houses of this type, each a little closer to town center but still with outdoor privys. During this period my sister was born in 1928, delivered at home by Dr. J. P. Lokey, the company doctor, the same doctor who delivered my brother and me at Wright City, Oklahoma, (another Dierks mill town) in 1925 and 1921. One house we lived in had been the mess hall for workers when the mill was being built; it had an extension on the end as long as the house with screen-covered openings down both sides with canvas curtains that could be lowered for bad weather.
"We then moved into one of the "classy" houses for upper level workers since my dad had been promoted to foreman of the Reworking Plant portion of the mill. The house had a bathroom with running water, two bedrooms, living room and kitchen, quite a leap from the former houses all with "outside plumbing."
"Our next and last house was on the front row of houses next to town center, also with bath --- but no hot water. Cooking was done on wood or kerosene stoves and houses were heated with wood or coal.
"This covers the three levels of housing available except for three special houses for upper management that sat apart on the road from Muse, the small town about a mile north. The mill superintendent, H. J. McAdams, the manager of the company store, Mr. Woodell, and the "woods boss" whose name I can't recall lived in these houses.
"Pine Valley was oriented fairly close to East/West, North/South, with the Kiamichi River to the South paralleling the Kiamichi mountain that made a very scenic setting for the town.
"Town center was at the cross road intersection with the road coming south from Muse and the "main street' running east and west.. On one corner of the intersection was a 75-room, two-story hotel where many of the single mill workers lived, the movie theater on another, the company general store on another and the post office and barbershop on the other. Just east of the general store was the "Big Office" where all the mill business affairs were conducted. The last time I visited the site, about 1998, the "Big Office" was still there and used as a residence.
"Most single workers lived at the hotel. Behind the general store was a warehouse with railroad siding; beyond that to the south was an ice plant where ice was made for the whole town and sold in 25-50-75 lb. blocks for home use since there were no home refrigerators.
"A rail line connected Pine Valley to the Kansas City Southern railroad at Page, Oklahoma, 16 miles away. Our railroad was named the Oklahoma and Rich Mountain Railroad with one steam locomotive that hauled logs on spur lines to the mill from the forests and freight to and from Page, OK. The engineer was Mr. Gatlin, whom I envied very much. A "jitney"---small truck-car vehicle with rail wheels---made a daily run to Page for mail and passenger service. The operator was Audie Hill our neighbor.
"The mill was "state of the art" for that period. All the machinery was powered by electricity except two steam "shotgun" carriages. These moved logs past big band saws as they were cut into boards. Electric power was generated by steam turbines on boilers that used wood scraps for fuel. Enough power was generated to provide electric lights to every house at night and power the mill by day.
"There was a water treatment facility near the power plant that provided water for the whole town. Often it was only a communal water tap between houses, but it was clean and pure.
"Logs were transported from the forests by train and dumped into a mill pond where they were kept wet until they were pulled from the pond onto a moving, inclined chain to the carriages to be sawn into boards.
"The two carriages on which the logs rested as they moved back and forth by the huge band saws were very fascinating to a small lad. I wasn't supposed to go near them, but I did.
"A long rod on a steam piston drove each carriage along a track then pulled it back for the next pass. Three men rode on each carriage. The block-setter sat before a wheel that set the thickness of the board to be cut.. Two "doggers" operated sets of claws mounted on two uprights; these gripped the log at both ends and held it in place as the boards were cut from the log. The three men had to constantly brace themselves for the back and forth movement of the carriage --- a tiring job. A steam-operated "arm" with claws could turn the log as needed or hold it against the uprights until the carriage claws could grip it. The "sawyer" sat in a pit by the carriage track and operated a lever steam valve driving the carriage back and forth and the arm that turned the logs.
"As the boards were cut from the log, they moved on "live" rollers to a conveyor chain where they passed beneath a set of saws operated by a man in a cage. By levers he could lower the saws and cut the boards to desired lengths.
"Further on, men "graded" the boards on the "green chain" as they moved on conveyor cables moving on rollers on a platform. The boards were then stacked on dollies and moved to the drying kilns.
"From the drying kilns, the lumber went to the "Reworking Plant" where the bark edges were sawed and further graded to remove flaws, knots, etc.
"Then to the rough shed where it was stored temporarily until needed for planning and shaping in the Planer Mill. Then it was stored in the planer shed or moved directly onto railroad cars for shipment.
"How did a 10-11-year-old boy learn so much about the operation of the mill? I've always been fascinated with machinery and some of us kids roamed all over the mill in spite of warnings from parents. But I know of no kid ever getting hurt during these expeditions.
"On Sundays, the only day the mill didn't operate, sometimes we played games with the watchman who was supposed to keep us away. He would chase us as we ran and hid.
"On the top of the Planer Mill was a large "cyclone" shavings and sawdust collector that emptied into a large pipe where wood trash was blown across the river. The pipe, about 2 ½ feet in diameter, went under the railroad then up above ground and suspended on cables to cross the river. We kids discovered a "man hole" at the railroad where we could enter the pipe, go under the railroad and across the river inside the pipe. Of course we could only do this when the mill was not operating.
"During summer months we kids (boys) roamed the valley almost without restraint. We swam in the river, wandered the hills, picked berries and gathered Indian artifacts in a cultivated field near the river where obviously there had been an Indian settlement many years before. I had about 200 various flint points at one time from tiny to about 4 inches long. It must have been a large Indian village from the wealth of artifacts and ideally situated by the river. In the fall, we gathered nuts
"The theater showed mostly Wild West movies with such actors as Tom Mix, Ken Maynard, Hoot Gibson --- all silent. Tickets were 10 cents-unless my friend, Howard Johnson whose mother sold tickets could get me a free pass. My 10 cents then bought two Milky Way candy bars from the drug store across the street. I saw my first sound movie in Talihina about 1930-31 when my family drove over just for the miracle of "talking pictures." The theater at Pine Valley didn't get sound while I lived there. It stopped showing movies for a while when the Depression hit in 1930 and few had 10 cents for a movie.
"Our school was on the small hill behind the theater and across from the "super's" house. At first it served 12 grades in four rooms, three grades to each room. My earliest memories there are in the fourth grade (I skipped third grade). Mr. Compere was the principle, later replaced by Mr. Breedlove whose wife also taught. I attended first grade through seventh grade there although I only remember from about the 4th-5th grades.
"Pine Valley and Muse schools consolidated when I was in the 5th grade with 1st through 6th grades going to Muse and 7th through 12th grades at Pine Valley. Mr. Herman Evans was the principal at Muse then.
"Some of the names of schoolmates are: Ray McAdams (the "super's" son), Howard Johnson (bookkeeper/comptroller's son) Ralph Woodard, childhood "daredevil", Edith Rodgers, (Planer Mill foreman's daughter---and my first love), Janet Fry, from the Muse Fry family, Bob Rice, preacher's son, Kay Morrow, pharmacist's son, M. H. Harrison, Kenneth Brashears, Odell Rodgers, Odean Rodgers, Ted White, Elaine White.
Older students whose names I remember were the Graham brothers, Gracen, Ambrose and Marcus (their father was Sawmill foreman), Aubrey Gatlin, son of railroad engineer, Clarence Watson, Prater McAdams, "super's" son, Margarete Harrison, Edna Smith, Helen Loveless, town beauty queen and Esther Rodgers.
"Some family names I remember who had children so young I don't remember their names: Harvey Woodin, Cecil Looney, Shorty Rodgers, W. Culp (town marshal), Bonner, Workman,
"A number of kids from surrounding farms and small communities also went to the schools. I remember only a few names from this group. Some are McBride, Sullivan, Fry. We didn't mix much except at school because of distance and a little snobbery, I fear.
"One notable incident was the burning of the Reworking Plant about 1930-31. It was a major jolt to the community. The mill modified the lumber processing operation around this loss and continued to run.
"The nearly 6 years I lived there were some of the most memorable of my life. I can recall in great detail many of the events too numerous to name.
"But it came to an end when my dad died in March, 1933 just before my 12th birthday. He died from complications at the Veterans Hospital in Oklahoma City following an appendectomy.
"My mother with three children moved to Camden, Arkansas, to be near her family and we soon lost touch with all our friends in Pine Valley even though I learned the mill continued to operate until about 1947 when the company closed and dismantled the mill and moved the houses to other mill towns.
"I have visited the site of the town several times since where little is left to indicate that a thriving community of 1000-12000 once lived here. A few concrete foundations --- and the two-cell town jail --- are about all that remain. The sloping slab that was the theater floor is visible --- with rusty spots where the screws held the seats down. A lot of memories lie among the rubble.
"Pine Valley was to me an ideal place for a boy my age to spend his early years. I doubt such freedom and exciting adventures existed many places in the whole world. We enjoyed a Tom Sawyer/Huckleberry Finn storybook life. And at 82 now, I value those years near the top among my many experiences since.
"I have written this to help later generations understand the "sawmill" life of that era, to realize that where those few concrete reminders now stand a generation of happy kids got their start in life. Ours was the generation that later endured the Great Depression and World War II, and maybe some of the values we learned in Pine Valley helped us through those difficult years. The "ghosts" of this forgotten town are the memories that still live in the few surviving former residents."
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The Indians of History of Pittsylvania County, Virginia
Pittsylvania County, Virginia - In the History of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, by Maud Carter Clement, Chapter I, we learn that Pittsylvania county was once the home of the red man, situated in South midland Virginia, touching on the NOrth Carolina line, giving a total area of 1012 square miles.
Indian villages once stood along the banks of the streams and Indian corn firelds once waved over the rich bottom lands. The stillness of the primeval forest had once echoed to the hunter's cry and the returning warrior's shout of victory.
The Indians left their villages deserted and farm land abandoned when the white settlers came into this upland region to make their homes. With the passage of time all knowledge of these local tribes was lost, and it had been only through the research over the years that their identity has been established and their tragic story brought tonight, revealing a people renowned for honor, courage, and bravery, through the vicissitudes of war, were finally overcome by their ancient enemies.
The Indian tribes of Midland Virginia belonged to the great Siouian (Siouian Tribes of the East) race found today on the far western plains. They once lived in the east, along the Ohio River, far back in history a migration took place.
The Sioux is the greatest buffalo hunter of all the American Indians, and it is thought by some (William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 19, page 172) that it was their love of the buffalo chase that lured them from their mountain home to the more level plains of Virginia from the Rappahannock River down into the Carolinas. The eastern part of Virginia was held by the Powhatan Confederacy, who were of the Algonquin race.
Captain John Smith gave us the first account of the Virginia Siouian tribes when he visited the falls of James River in 1607, and found the Monocan Indians living near. Smith said the Powhatan Confederacy extended to the falls while beyond lay the Monocan Confederacy, and between the two, constant war was waged.
The Massowomacks were the Iroquois, or Five Nations of the North, who waged continual war upon the Virginia tribes, especially the Monocans, who lived in mortal dread of the Massowomacks. v
The Five Nations were a confederacy formed in 1575, of the Seneca, Oneida, CAyuga, Onondaga, and Mohawk tribes, hence the name Five Nations.The Virginia government made repeated efforts to protect her tributary Indians from the fury of these northern savages. In 1677 Colonel Henry Causey, representing Virginia and Maryland, met them in conference at Albany, New York. Again in 1679 and 1684 Virginia agents held conferences with them, but their agreements were not kept by the Iroquois. Later treaties were made with them by Virginia in 1722 and 1744. (Virginia Mag. History, Vol. 312, 13.)
Another Sioux tribe, the Manahock Indians who were friends and confederates of the Monocans on the James. The Manahock Indians were found around the Rappahannock River. One of Manahock warriors was captured and questioned by John Smith as to who the English were. The captured warrior replied, "We heard you were a people come from under the world to take our world from us."
The captured warrior wen on to say when asked further how many worlds there were, "No more but that which is under the skies that cover me, which are the Powhatans, Mononcans, and the Massowomacks higher up the mountain."
The Monocans were the chiefs of the league or confederacy of the upland Indians against the power and tyranny of the Powhatans.
The Indian tribes of South Midland Virginia were far enough removed from Tidewater not to be disturbed by the constant war waged by the whites against the tribes prior to 1650. The existence of these tribes was known to the English by means of the fur trade.
We may then assume that the Indians of Pittsylvania and the adjacent territory were known to the English through the trader from 1640 onward.
Here is another interesting bit of information concerning the Rechahecrians invasion in 1655. The Rechahecrians were thought by some to have been the Cherokees, who lived across the mountains in the Tennessee country, and claimed that their territory extended eastward as far as the Peaks of Otter.
Others (Parkman's Jesuits in America) supposed the Rechahecrians to be the Requa Indians of Erie, who were driven out of their home in 1655. History gives us no reason for the invasion of the Rechahecrians in 1655. History simply states that many western Indians were drawn from the mountains and lately set down near the falls of the James River to the number of six or seven hundred.
Colonists became much alarmed at the close proximity of so many strange Indians and the upper counties were authorized to raise a force under the command of Col. Edward Hill, who lived at Shirley, to treat with these Indians to get them to retire by peaceable means if possible,if not by force.
Allied Inidans were called upon for aid, and 100 Pamunkey warriors marched under their King Totopotomoi. The battle was fought at Bloody Run, where Richmond now stands, in which the English were defeated and King Totopotomoi and the greater part of his warriors were slain. Totopotomoi, the Pamunkey chief, was slain while fighting for the English against the Mahocks and Nahyssans, Indian tribes of this section. It appeared that the Siouian tribes and the REchahecrians were friends and allies, and it is possible that the latter crossed the mountains on the invitation of the Midland Virginia Indians, who thought it an opportune time to attack, with the growing power of the whites and the waning power of the Powhatans.
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Sod House of Aline, Oklahoma
Aline, Oklahoma - Francis Melkus sent us this link to the HomesSod House. You do know that thousands of "soddies" once dotted the prairies of Oklahoma, but the only sod house built in 1894 by Marshal McCully remains.
Who was McCully? McCully took part in the largest of Oklahoma's land runs when the Cherokee Outlet opened for settlement at noon on September 16, 1893. McCully first lived in a one-room dugout, hollowed out of a ravine bank. Then he built the two-room sod house, August 1894 using blocks of the thick buffalo grass blanketing Oklahoma's prairies.
McCully hitched his team to an 18-inch sod plow and split the grass into long rows. Using a flat shovel, he chopped the rows into 18-inch lengths. He then laid the sod blocks like bricks to form the walls. To make the roof, McCully split poles format he few trees growing in the area and laid them across the top of the walls for rafters. Twelve inches of sod laid on the rafters completed the roof. Unlike many sod houses, McCully plastered the interior walls with a alkali clay.
The McCully family lived in the sod house from 1894 until 1909, when they built a large, two-story frame house. They continued to use the soddy for storage until 1963. On December 31, 1963, exactly 60 years after McCully received patent to the land, the Oklahoma Historical Society acquired the sod home.
Although the soddy remains in its original location a cover structure now protects it from the elements. Visitors can experience the unique experience of walking through the furnished sod house to imagine what life was like for Oklahoma's early settlers.
Visit the Sod House Museum, located along Route 3, box 28, near Aline, Oklahoma. Contact Director, Rene Mitchell (Email: firstname.lastname@example.org), or visit the Sod House website for the hours (Tuesday thru Saturday, 9am to 5pm) Monday, Sunday & Holidays it is closed. Admission for Adults is $4; Seniors $3 (65+ age); Children $2 (6-18); Children under 6 Free; and Groups of 25 plus $3.
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Spiro Mounds of Oklahoma
Spiro, Oklahoma - The Spiro Mounds are a prehistoric gateway, located 7 miles outside of Spiro, Oklahoma. It is the only prehistoric, Native American archaeological site in Oklahoma open to the public. It is located on a bend of the Arkansas River, and is the site of a natural gateway from which the Spiro people exerted their influence.
The prehistoric Spiro people created a sophisticated culture which influenced the entire southeast. It had an extensive trade network, a highly developed religious center, and a political system, which controlled the entire region.
The protected site includes 150 acres of land that encompass 12 mounds, the elite village area and part of the support city. Various groups of people camped on or near the Spiro area over the previous 8000 years. The location did not become a permanent settlement until A.D. 800 and was used until about A.D. 1450. This Mississippian period, Spiro leaders were developing political, religious and economic ties with people format he Gulf of California to the Gulf of Mexico and from the coast of Virginia to the Great Lakes.
The Spiros shared horticulture, elaborate ceremonies, mound building and an iconographic writing system with over 60 different tribes. The leaders of the Spiro Mounds thrived from A.D. 900 to 1300. The mound center declined and was eventually abandoned by A.D. 1450, but the city continued to be occupied for another 150 years.
The people of the Spiro Mounds were believed to have been Caddoan speakers, like the modern Wichita, Kichai, Caddo, Pawnee, and Arikara. From A.D. 1600 until 1832, the site remained unoccupied. Choctaw and Choctaw Freedman cleared the mound site for farming late in the 1800s. They did not allow any major disturbance of the site until the Great Depression.
The Spiro Mounds Archaeological Center is located 3 miles east of Spiro, Oklahoma, on Highway 271 and four miles north on Sprio Mounds Road. The Center is open Wednesday through SAturday from 9am until 5pm and Sunday from noon until 5pm throughout the year. The site is closed for state holidays.
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Moving Map of the United States
America - Have you ever wanted to view a moving map of the United States showing the history of our country? Where you could watch the evolution of growth from the 13 colonies up to the present day (with dates, wars, purchases, etc. included).
The following link shows this moving map of the country, showing it from the beginning of the 13 states and going through the present. It includes the acquisitions from England and Spain, the Slave states, the Free states, a segment on the Civil war.
First Court Justices & Judges of Pittsylvania County, VA
America - When the dividing line was run between Pittsylvania and Halifax, it was found that Peytonsburg, the country seat of Halifax, lay in Pittsylvania, and here at Halifax old Court House was held on Friday, June 29th, the first court of Pittysylvania county. A commission had been received from Governor Fauquier appointing justices or judges, to preside over the courts, which read as follows:
George the Third, by the Grace of God, of Great Britan, France and Ireland, King, Defendant of the faith, and so forth, To Thomas Dillard, Sr., James Roberts, Jr., ARchibald Gordon, Thomas Dillard, Jr., Hugh Innes, John Donelson, Theophilus Lacy, John Wilson, Peter Coperland, John Smith, John Dix, George Jefferson, Peter Perkins, John Vanbibber, Hamon Critz, John Hanby, John Wimbush, . . . . "