World War II 1942-1945 & POW Camps
Prisoner of War Camps in Oklahoma
POW Camps Dot Oklahoma in WWII
In November 15, 1987 Article in the Daily Oklahoman It shows a map of Oklahoma with the location of some POW & Interment Camp Headquarters dotted across the state of Oklahoma during World War II. The following is a list that was published in "The Chronicles of Oklahoma" Spring 1986 as part of an article authored by Richard S. Warner. Following are the various camps, dates they were in operation and the maximum number of aliens or prisoners held there.
Alien Interment Camps
Fort Sill - March 1942 to late Spring 1943 - 700 POWs
McAlester - May 1942 to May 1943 - 4800 POWs
Stringtown - March 1942 to June 1943 - 500 POWs
POW (Prisoner of War) Camps
Alva - July 1943 to November 1945; 4,850.
Ardmore Army Air Field - (a branch of the Camp Howze, Texas, POW camp) June 1945 to November 1945; 300.
Bixby - (a branch of Camp Gruber) April 1944 to December 1945; 210.
Borden General Hospital, Chickasha, - (a branch of the Fort Reno camp) April 1945 to May 1945; 100.
Caddo - (a work camp out of Stringtown) opened July 1943; 60.
Camp Gruber - May 1943 to May 1946; 4,702.
Chickasha - (1st a branch of the Alva camp and later of the Fort Reno camp) November 1944 to November 1945; 400.
Eufaula - date and number of prisoners unknown.
Fort Reno - July 1943 to April 1946; 1,523.
Fort Sill - February 1944 to July 1946; 1,834. Fort Sill was used for POWs a short time before being converted to a Military Stockade.
Glennan General Hospital, Okmulgee - (a branch of Camp Gruber) August 1944 to July 1945; no totals listed.
Haskell - (a branch of Camp Gruber) December 1943 to December 1945; 275.
Hickory - (a branch of the Camp Howze, Texas, camp) May to June 1944; 13.
Hobart - (a branch of the Fort Sill camp) October 1944 to the fall of 1945; 286.
Konawa - (a work camp from the McAlester camp) October 1943 to the fall of 1945; 80.
Madill Provisional Internment Camp Headquarters. This office opened in 1944 and was the administrative headquarters for several camps in the area, including the ones at Powell and Tishomingo. No prisoners were confined at Madill.
McAlester - June 1943 to November 1945, 3,000.
Morris - (1st a work camp from McAlester and later a branch of Camp Gruber) November 1944 to November 1945; 40.
Okemah - (a branch of Camp Gruber) November 1944 to November 1945; 130.
Okmulgee - (originally a branch of Alva and later a branch of Camp Gruber) August 1944 to January 1946; 300.
Pauls Valley - (a mobile work camp from Camp Chaffee, Ark.) July 1944 to October, 1944; 270.
Porter - (a branch of Camp Gruber) September 1944 to November 1945; no totals listed.
Powell - (originally a branch of the Madill Provisional Internment Camp Headquarters, it late became a branch of Camp Howze, Texas, camp) April 1943 to September 1944; 600.
Pryor November 1944 to March 1945; no numbers listed. The camp held non-commissioned officers and their aides. It was closed because of its proximity to an explosives plant.
Sallisaw - (probably a mobile camp from Camp Chaffee, Ark.) no dates or numbers listed.
Seminole - (a work camp from McAlester) November 1943 to June 1945; 50.
Stilwell - (a work camp for Camp Chaffee) June 1944 to July 1944; 200.
Stringtown - July 1943 to January 1944; 500.
Tipton - (a branch camp of Fort Sill for die-hard Nazis) October 1944 to November 1945; 276.
Tishomingo - (originally a branch of the Madill Provisional Internment Camp Headquarters and later a branch of Camp Howze, Texas) April 1943 to June 1944; 301.
Tonkawa - (originally a base camp but changed to a branch of Alva camp) August 1943 to September 1945; 3,280.
Waynoka - (a branch of the Alva Camp) August 1944 to September 1945; 100. prisoners would ice down rail cars north of Waynoka for the Santa Fe Railroad.
Wetumka - (a branch of the Camp Gruber) August 1944 to November 1945; 401.
Wewoka - (a work camp from McAlester) opened in October 1943 but no closing date listed; 40.
Will Rogers - (a branch of the Fort Reno camp) May 1945 to March 1946; 225.